Chakras are rotating psychic centers of consciousness. They belong to one special system, which is not based on Chinese Meridians and Acu-points. They were mentioned by Indian authors of the Yoga Upanishads as early as ca. 600 BC. The practice of using chakras could be even older. However nobody knows which chakras were used at that time. There are some approaches which try to find the chakra system of Egyptians and some other civilizations. But we need more proofs for all these.
Let’s return to Yoga Upanishads. 900 years later one Chinese author talked about the chakras and mantras and that perhaps enables us to search for the indirect way to discover the old system of chakras. With the spread of Buddhism the knowledge of chakras was spread in Tibet and China. So, around 317/318 AD Daoist scholar Ge Hong was perhaps influenced by the Buddhists and Indian chakras. He wrote a famous book “Baopuzi” and there he discussed mantras and gestures, which could be connected to different chakras and body parts (Shou-Yu, Wen-Ching, 1997: Qigong Empowerment. Page 157, 159):
- Crown chakra with mantra “Xing”
- Third Eye Chakra with mantra “Qian”
- mantra “Lie” with wisdom seal
- Throat Chakra with mantra “Zhen”
- Heart Chakra with mantra “Jie”
- Navel Chakra with mantra “Zhe”
- Sacral Chakra with mantra “Dou”
- Root Chakra with mantra “Bing”
- Immovable Foundation Seal with mantra “Lin”
As the “n/ng” sound is lower than “m” sound and “i/ee” sound is more closed than “a” sound, Lin is probaly lower version of original Lam, so it works with foundations- i.e. with the legs. For perineum mantra Bing is used, probably coming from original mantra Vam. As Chinese don’t use voice “r”, the navel mantra Zhe is probably coming from the syllable Re/Ra and from the original mantra Ram. Ge Hong’s heart mantra is Jie and it was probably developed as the mixture of daoist mantra Shang and Indian mantra Yam, perhaps even Shyam. However – according to the “Hundreth Monkey Effect” it is also possible that Ge Hong got these information directly from akasha.
The classical model of 7 or 8 (7+ Bindu) main chakras from Muladhara to Sahasrara was revealed in 8th or 9th century tantric and Buddhist texts (wikipedia: Chakras; Tenzin Gyume, 2015: S-Alchemy. Page 114.):
- Sahasrara (Crown Chakra)
- Ajna (Third Eye Chakra)
- Vishuddha (Throat Chakra)
- Anahata (Heart Chakra)
- Manipura (Solar Plexus Chakra)
- Swadhisthana (Sacral Chakra)
- Muladhara (Root Chakra)
Seven Chakras. Source: Wikimedia Commons.
For long centuries this system was used. There are claims out there that Helena Blavatsky (died in 1891) already knew 7 chakras + additional 5 trans-personal chakras. But I could not find the proof for these claims. Later on Sri Aurobindo from India (died in 1950) started to claim that “real Sahasrara chakra” is located some way above the head, while the top of the head is represented by “Brahmarandra chakra” (Vibrational Enegy Medicine: page 54). In this way Aurobindo’s Sahasrara was changed into the trans-personal chakra, which is known as Soul Star. In the fifties and sixties there were some other attempts from India to locate trans-personal chakras. Some leg chakras from hips (Atala chakra) to the soles of the feet (Patala Chakra) were revealed in Hindu spirituality, too, but I have no information when this system has been developed. Hindu leg chakras are (Vibrational Enegy Medicine: page 54):
- Atala (chakra of the hips)
- Vitala (chakra of the thighs)
- Sutala (chakra of the knees)
- Talatala (chakra of the calves)
- Rasatala (chakra of the ankles)
- Mahatala (chakra of the feet)
- Patala (chakra of the soles of the feet).
All these chakras have quite demonic meaning and as far as I have researched this concept this is an exaggeration. And only three of these chakras have some major importance. You can also find “ancient” image from India with several trans-personal chakras, but no source is mentioned there and no proof of authenticity is found on the net. Yes, trans-personal chakras seem to be quite new phenomena.
In 1973 very influential book “The Book of Knowledge: The Keys of Enoch” was published by J.J. Hurtak. 8th and 9th chakras were mentioned there (Hurtak, J.J., 1973: The Book of Knowledge: The Keys of Enoch. Los Gatos, CA: Academy for Future Science., page 39, 125). According to J.J.Hurtak the 8th chakra represents connecting link with the Overself working with the Christ body of Light, while the 8th and 9th chakra are used in triangulation with the 7th (Sahasrara) to actualize a physical quantum leap beyond the imperfect karmic cycles of our solar spectrum.
At the end of the eighties new approaches searched the ways to work with trans-personal and sub-personal chakras. At that time the 8th chakra or the first trans-personal chakra was already named the Godhead Chakra in India. Later on it was called the Soul Star (8th chakra) in the West. But in some systems the Godhead is now viewed as one higher trans-personal chakra, too. Westerns also started to use the Earth Star, located somewhere below the feet.
Between the years 1985-1994 the workshops of Drunvalo Melchizedek offered some new approaches in the ways how the chakras could be used. His merkaba system has one upper point above the head and one bottom point below the feet, which are now connected to the Soul star and to the Earth Star, even if he hasn’t named them in this way (compare with Melchizedek Drunvalo, 2000: The Ancient Secret of The Flower of Life; Volume II. Light Technology. Page 319). 13 chakra system with the Survival chakra, Sex chakra, Will-ego chakra, Solar plexus, Heart chakra, Throat, Chin, Nose, 3rd Eye, Chakra of 45°, Crown chakra and God-head was also promoted by Melchizedek Drunvalo (Melchizedek Drunvalo, 2000: The Ancient Secret of The Flower of Life; Volume II. Light Technology. Page 319). His God-head or 8th/13th chakra was located one hand over the crown of the head (ca. 10 cm over one’s head). In the West this chakra is generally known as the Soul Star. Drunvalo was probably the first man, who mentioned not only the set of trans-personal chakras, but also the set of sub-personal chakras. He said: “The eights chakra is just a beginning,…, of another set of chakras above head. There is also another set of chakras below the ones in your body, and from which you have come.” (Melchizedek Drunvalo, 2000: The Ancient Secret of The Flower of Life; Volume II. Light Technology. Page 314).
Axiatonal spirituality also started to use 8th chakra (Soul Star) and Bottom Sub-personal chakra (Earth Star) at the end of the eighties and the beginning of the ninetees. By the year 1993, when Eric Pearl was initiated in this kind of spirituality, these two chakras were definitely used by the adherents of axiatonal spirituality.
Trans-personal and sub-personal chakras have their media boom in the year 1992. Among sub-personal chakras the Earth Star was described (Poynder Michael, 1992: Pi in the Sky. Page 51). The first three trans-personal chakras were mentioned by Ken Eagle Feather (Eagle Feather Ken, 1922: Light Techniques That Trigger Transformation, page 18). It is very common for New Age that the first three trans-personal chakras are described. The 8th chakra was viewed as 13 cm to 16 cm above one’s head. And Janet McClure mentioned existence of the 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th trans-personal chakras (McClure Janet, 1992: Light Techniques That Trigger Transformation. Page 18).
In the years between 1992 and 2017 many systems of trans-personal and sub-personal chakras were described. Most of them are corrupted in one way or another (meanning, order, non-existing chakras etc.). However at least between the years 1994 and 1997 Jhadten Jewal started to use his system of five trans-personal and five sub-personal chakras, which have very good foundation. It is said that this system was revealed to him by the Elochims. I have developed my own system with 42 or 43 chakras and for closest trans-personal and sub-personal chakras my system is quite simmilar to Jhadten Jewal’s . However my system has special set of sub-personal and special set of trans-personal chakras, which has minor differences according to Jhadten Jewal’s system. At the same time my system has better affinity with the spiritual system of Irving Feurst and his 32 subtle bodies.
Here is the picture of the chakras, used in meditation of Jhadten Jewal: